Saturday, August 23, 2014

Mylius, George F.

Updated August 24, 2014

Civil Service, Land Officer 1841- ca.May 16, 1842 (replaced by Edward Grascott Reynolds, formerly Mylius' assistant).

British Army, Rank: Ensign October 17, 1824; Lieutenant January 28, 1826; Captain August 30, 1831; Brevet Major; Lieutenant-Colonel November 9, 1846; Colonel October 14, 1858; Service: 16th (Bedfordshire) Regiment of Foot; 26th (The Cameronian) Regiment of Foot December 28, 1838.

[The first regulation pertaining to land registration in Hong Kong was proclaimed in the form of a government notification, dated May 2, 1842 and signed by Mylius. Ironically, this was the last official act of Mylius as Hong Kong's first Land Officer. The Land Office was [temporarily] closed in the middle of May 1842. As its succession, a Land and Road Inspection Office was created on May 27, 1842. Edward Grascott Reynolds, Mylius' assistant was appointed as Hong Kong's first Land and Road Inspector. The following is the original text of the May 2, 1842 government notification:

With a view to the prevention of future misunderstanding and difficulties, His Excellency Sir Henry Pottinger, Bart., is pleased to direct that no sales of land are to be made by the holders of Grants to other parties except with the knowledge of the Land Officer and that any sales that may have been made, or may be made in future, unless registered in the Land Office shall be held to be invalid.
Purchasers of grants from the individuals before holding them are to understand distinctly that they will be under the same liabilities to Government as the parties from whom they purchase.
By Order
Geo. F. Mylius, Land Officer
Land Office, Hong Kong, 2nd May, 1842]

[Mylius posted the following notice in the Canton Press in August 1841 regulating the place of burial of Europeans and others [not-Chinese]:

A piece of land to the eastward of Cantonment Hill[1] having by Government been allocated as the ground for the burial of the dead of European and others, Notice is hereby given that persons burying their dead in any other unauthorized place will be treated as trespassers.

Jno.[sic] F. Mylius, Land Officer,
Hong Kong 30th August 1841.]

[1] The area named Cantonment Hill forms part of the present day Hong Kong Park 香港公園 (1991-present).

Selected Bibliography: The Chinese Repository 1842. Eitel, E.J., Europe in China, the History of Hong Kong from the Beginning to the Year 1882, Hong Kong: Kelly & Walsh, 1895. Hart, H.G., The New Army List for January 1841, London: John Murray, 1841, p.77. Ko Tim-keung, A Review of Development of Cemeteries in Hong Kong: 1841-1950. The London Gazette, November 10, 1846, p.3991; November 12, 1858, p.4789.  The New Army List for 1850. Tarrent, William, The Hong Kong Almanack and Directory for the Year 1846, 1848, 1850, Hong Kong: China Mail, resp. 1846,1848 and 1850.


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